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Of Spirit: Heidegger and the Question

【英语】 Of Spirit: Heidegger and the Question 1st Edition

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书名: Of Spirit: Heidegger and the Question
作者: Jacques Derrida
出版社: University Of Chicago Press; 1 edition (April 9, 1991)
语言: English
ISBN-13: 978-0226143194
ISBN-10: 0226143198

Book Description
This 1987 book is a lecture given March 14, 1987 at the end of a conference organized by the Collège international de philosophie in Paris, entitled, ‘Heidegger: Open Questions.’

Derrida notes, “To my knowledge, Heidegger never asked himself “What is Spirit?’ At least, he never did so in the mode or in the form, or with the developments that he grants to questions such as” ‘Why is there something rather than nothing?’ ‘What is Being?’ ‘What is technology?’ ‘What is called thinking?’ etc. No more did he make of spirit one of those grand poles that metaphysics is supposed to have opposed to Being, in a sort of limitation of Being, such as is contested by the ‘Introduction to Metaphysics.’” (Pg. 14)

He notes, “The Hegelian determination of spirit indeed remains ordered, prescribed, ruled by the epoch of the Cartesian cogito. It therefore calls for the same deconstruction. Did not Hegel hail Descartes as the Christopher Columbus of philosophical modernity?” (Pg. 26)

He wrote, “What is expected of the philosopher? That he be the functionary of the fundamental. These misunderstandings, more full of life today than ever, are sustained, notes Heidegger [and who will argue with him?], by teachers of philosophy.” (Pg. 42)

He concludes Chapter V, “I referred too hastily to a geopolitical diagnosis, at the point where the discourse is neither that of knowledge nor clinical or therapeutic. But geopolitics conducts us back again from the earth and the planet to the world and to the world as a world OF SPIRIT. Geopolitics is none other than a Weltpolitik of spirit. The world is not the earth. On the world arrives an obscuring of the world…: the flight of the gods, the destruction of the earth, the massification of man, the preeminence of the mediocre.” (Pg. 45-46)

He explains, “Not being able to follow Heidegger here step by step, I shall simply mark out the reading I should like to propose with a few traits. Why TRAITS? Because the motif of the trait will, so to speak, make an incision within the flame. And the trait will be something quite different from what we mean in French by ‘trait d’espirit.’” (Pg. 96-97)

Near the end of the book, he states, “those I called theologians and all those they might represent, would say to Heidegger: ‘But what you call the arch-ordinary spirit, which you claim is foreign to Christianity, is indeed what is most essential in Christianity….’ … I imagine Heidegger’s reply… ‘But in affirming that Trakl’s Gedicht---and everything I say along with it---is neither metaphysical nor Christian, I am opposing nothing, especially not Christianity, nor all the discourses of the fall, of malediction, of the promise, of salvation, of resurrection, nor the discourses on pneuma and spiritus, not even… because it has always been veiled, is not yet what it makes possible.” (Pg. 111)

Not one of Derrida’s “major works,” the book will probably interest those studying Derrida’s thought due to his fairly extensive commentaries on Heidegger.

About the Author
Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) was a French philosopher and writer, best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as “Deconstruction.”
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